Justice & Home Affairs



The primary aim of the EU's Justice policy is to create an EU-wide area of justice based on mutual cooperation in both civil and criminal law. This entails building up mutual trust and mutual recognition of judicial decisions amongst:

  • The courts in all Member States
  • National administrations.

In the EU, where people and goods can move around freely, it is important to establish a European area of justice. To address the challenges posed by crime, the EU has introduced laws that seek to ensure that the rights of victims, suspects and prisoners are safeguarded in cross-border cases (such as on mutual legal assistance, the mutual recognition of decisions in criminal cases and the European Arrest Warrant).

In both the criminal and civil law areas, measures have been adopted to:

  • simplify procedures enabling national courts to cooperate with their equivalents in other EU countries,
  • train professionals involved in cross-border cases, and
  • develop information and communication technologies (like videoconferencing) in the EU's justice system (e-Justice).

Following the closure of the European Partnership at the end of March 2019, this website is no longer active and will not be updated. However, it will be kept live for a period of time as an archive resource.